Human trafficking is one of the most widespread crimes against the human race. We are going to find out exactly what is human trafficking.
Every year thousands of people are targeted, especially those from poor countries. It basically involves thousands of men, women and children who are mostly falsely recruited for some job or the offer of better lives in other countries.
They are then transported, transferred, harbored or received by crime groups through use of force, coercion or other means, for the purpose of exploiting them. Every year an unknown number of people fall into the hands of traffickers, both abroad and in their own countries.
This crime affects virtually every country in the world, whether as a place of origin, transit or destination for victims. Human trafficking is one of the fastest growing vices because of its high profits. This is because unlike other commodities like drugs, humans can be sold repeatedly.
Human trafficking has 3 basic elements. Namely,
1.The act that is done for it to be recognized as trafficking. This includes the recruitment, transporting, transferring to holding locations and harboring victims.
2.Second is how the traffickers obtain their victims. Most commonly used methods are coercion, promise of jobs or marriages. They tend to abuse the vulnerable, like orphans and street people, who have no relatives or the power to follow up disappearances or abductions. There have also been cases of relatives selling off their children to the traffickers.
3. Third is the motive, why traffickers do what they do. They do this for one purpose and one purpose only. To exploit the victims for financial profits. There are various ways to exploit the victims which include prostituting or sexual exploitation by the traffickers themselves, forced labor, slavery and organ removal for sale.
Human trafficking is by all means very difficult to stop, mainly because many countries do not view it as a serious issue. The United States, which many would have thought to be equipped to handle this menace, is actually struggling.
There is only one shelter that is specifically set aside to cater for the victims of trafficking. It has capacity to hold a maximum of 7 to 9 victims at a time.
The most common uses of trafficked victims is sexual exploitation and labor exploitation. It is estimated that approximately 80% of traffic victims are later involved in sexual exploitation. Labor exploitation on the other hand stands at about 19%.
Sexual exploitation is by far the most commonly used reasons for traffickers to carry out this vice. Women and young girls who are victims of trafficking for the purpose of sexual exploitation suffer a significantly higher rate of sexually transmitted diseases, HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis.
This is brought about by compelling or commanding victims to engage in acts of sex with many partners for the purpose of making pornography. These victims often have permanent damage to their reproductive organs and systems due to brutal treatment they receive at the hands of the traffickers.
A trafficker can earn approximately 20 times what he or she paid for a girl. Provided the girl was not physically beaten to the point of ruining her appeal, the pimp could sell her again for a fortune. This is because it is he who has trained her and broken her will, which saves buyers the hassle.
Experts have said that on average, in Europe, 1 sex slave can have earned her pimps at least 200,000 US$ a year. Most of these trafficked women who are abused sexually tend to suffer from clinical level post-traumatic stress disorder.
Around half of the victims of trafficking are below the age of 18. Sexual exploitation also involves children. It is estimated that more than 2/3 of all trafficked children suffer sexual exploitation at the hands of their traffickers. Trafficked children have a higher likelihood to develop mental problems or fail to function normally in an organized society later in life. They are likely to get engaged in drugs, fall back into prostitution or get involved in violent crime.
Another major reason for traffickers to carry out this vice is the demand for labor. After sex, the second most common form of trafficking in persons is forced labor. Experts warn that as the economic crisis continues, the number of victims trafficked for forced labor will increase.
It might be shocking or downright unbelievable but there is actually a market for slaves. It is estimated that the average cost of a slave is about 100 US$.
This is not a small market, it has been estimated that there are about 27 million slaves around the world. There are more slaves today than at any other time in history. Today, slaves are cheaper than they have ever been. This has been due to the world population explosion that has created an unlimited supply of vulnerable victims.
Traffickers are known to use airports to hold slave auctions, where often women and young children are sold into slavery and prostitution. The victims trafficked for labor are forced to work as servants, in sweatshops and agricultural work in destination countries.
Most famous destination countries are Italy, Belgium, Greece, Turkey, Israel, Japan, Germany and the U. S. The largest case of human trafficking in the US occurred i the state of Hawaii in 2010.
A local Hawaiian company, Global Horizons Manpower, Inc., brought 400 immigrants from Asia to work on farms in Hawaii. They were lured with promises of decent paying farm work, but instead their travel papers were taken away and they were held against their will until they were rescued in 2010.
Relatives often sell family members and even their children into slavery. Younger victims are more valued and often fetch a higher price in the market.
A good example is the story of a ten year old girl in India who was sold into sexual slavery by her relative. She is now 22 years old. She remembers that when she refused to be submissive, some of the older girls who had been there longer, held her down, stuffed a piece of underwear in her mouth so no one would hear her scream and allowed a male customer to rape her. She later contracted HIV/AIDS.